A sale is promoted at a mall in Bangkok. The GDP development projection for 2020 is down to 2.8% from the previous development projection of 3.3%. Apichart Jinakul

The Year of the Metal Rat is stated to have appealing potential customers for stability, wealth and surplus, according to the Chinese zodiac. In truth, 2020 features threatening indications recommending another difficult year for services, as geopolitical stress and bad belief amongst customers and financiers will not dissipate into thin air at any time quickly.

The suffering financial 2020 budget plan, the strong baht and raised family financial obligation are crucial obstacles limiting success, from those sitting atop the social hierarchy to common peasants house in makeshift houses.

In the virtual sphere, innovation will continue to be a double-edged sword for services, with those who stop working to keep up dealing with higher troubles and running the risk of insolvency. Technological improvement will, nevertheless, produce favorable modifications, with customers placed to gain a windfall of advantages.


Versus the background of still-subdued development, trade stress in between the United States and China, the high financial obligation of families and little and medium-sized business (SMEs), the baht’s upward pattern and financial policy’s minimal area, the reserve bank’s policy predicament is deepening in the look for development and monetary stability.

The Bank of Thailand is anticipated to take a mindful method to financial policy consideration in 2020 and execute more macro-prudential procedures to suppress threats connected to private-sector financial obligation.

Reserve bank guv Veerathai Santiprabhob stated just recently that there were restrictions on the execution of financial and financial policy, as the prescription of severe medication might position threats to monetary stability, while structural elements have actually likewise hampered their financial transmission.

However the reserve bank reasserted that it stood all set to additional ease financial policy if the nation’s financial development aggravated.

At 2019’s last conference in December, the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) significantly slashed the projection on financial development for 2020 to 2.8% from 3.3% forecasted in September, mentioning sticking around external unpredictabilities.

If the forecast is true, 2020 will be the 2nd year in a row that the economy broadens listed below development capacity after 4.1% development in 2018.

The rate-setters likewise all voted to keep the policy rate the same at a record-low 1.25% after cutting the rate by a quarter-point two times in 2019.

Financial experts are divided on financial policy motions in 2020. Some anticipate another rate cut, while others anticipate the benchmark rate to be left constant throughout the year.

A joint declaration of the MPC and the Financial Institutions Policy Committee in December stated that the synchronised financial downturn both in the house and abroad, paired with the extended low-interest-rate environment, would still offer a background favorable to instilling fragility in the monetary system.

The committees will continue to keep track of advancements, examine the efficiency of the executed procedures and check out additional policy alternatives to avoid a prospective accumulation of systemic threats in the future.

Insolvency of families and SMEs stays uneasy, the committees stated, keeping in mind that the high ratio of family financial obligation to GDP is poised to increase even more amidst a controlled development outlook.

In an environment where financial development stays suppressed and services continue to deal with structural modifications, the committees worried that the job of dealing with family and SME financial obligation would need integrated efforts from all celebrations. Both preventive and restorative procedures would require to be utilized, with concern provided to reorganizing distressed loans, they stated.


With exports, which represent a huge portion of the economy, still in problem due to international weak need and the continuous trade war, state financial investment in big-ticket facilities tasks and the federal government’s Eastern Economic Passage (EEC) flagship seems among the couple of lifelines that Thailand can rely on to keep financial development momentum in 2020.

The high-speed rail task connecting Don Mueang, Suvarnabhumi and U-tapao airports is set to get off the ground in the year ahead. Patipat Janthong

Making state financial investment take place will likewise have a knock-on effect on personal financial investment, which was weaker than anticipated in 2019 due to the extended battle to develop a brand-new federal government.

According to a National Economic and Social Advancement Council report, 17 crucial facilities tasks worth 782 billion baht acquired cabinet approval. Some are set up to be up and running in 2020 and 2021.

6 tasks will enter to operation in between 2020 and 2021, which will assist add to financial development in those years.

6 tasks are set up to start in 2020. They are heaven Line extension (Bang Sue-Tha Phra), the Green Line extension (Mo Chit-Saphan Mai-Khu Khot), the Pattaya-Map Ta Phut freeway, the double-track rail network connecting Lop Buri-Pak Nampho, double-track rail connecting Chachoengsao and Kaeng Khoi, and an items circulation centre at Chiang Khong district in Chiang Rai.

4 tasks will begin building and construction in 2020. They are the Pink Line (Khae Rai-Min Buri), the Yellow Line (Lat Phrao-Samrong), the high-speed rail task connecting Don Mueang, Suvarnabhumi and U-tapao airports and the 3rd stage of Map Ta Phut seaport.

The 17 tasks belong to the Transportation Ministry’s financial investment plan worth an overall of 1.94 trillion baht throughout 2015-22.

Of the 1.94 trillion baht, 259.7 billion baht will be drawn from the nationwide budget plan, 1.2 trillion baht from loans, 338 billion baht in the type of public and personal collaborations and 147.6 billion baht from federal government earnings and funds.


Thailand’s tourist market will have another difficult year in 2020, provided how the international financial downturn might hinder worldwide and domestic travel.

Based Upon the 2019-20 report from the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council, financial development in the Asia-Pacific area is anticipated at 3.3%, below 3.8% in 2019, as an outcome of trade stress in between China and the United States.

The report consisted of study outcomes carried out by 627 specialists in Asia-Pacific. Of the participants, 70% stated the international economy will continue to broaden at a sluggish speed in 2020, with 64% of them recognizing protectionism and trade war as significant threats poised to stall development over the next couple of years.

The ongoing trade spat, together with unpredictable forex, has actually put exports in the doldrums.

Tourist will play a higher function in driving the Thai economy in 2020, according to Phacharaphot Nuntramas, senior vice-president of Krungthai Compass, a research study system of Krungthai Bank.

Mr Phacharaphot stated tourist is a more steady market, bring in brand-new financial investments every year in spite of inbound obstacles, especially the strong regional currency.

Thailand’s tourist is set to produce 3.18 trillion baht in 2020, up 4% year-on-year from 3.06 trillion baht. An approximated 40.8 million foreign travelers will go to Thailand in 2020, contributing some 2.02 trillion baht to the economy.

To equal international travel patterns, the Tourist Authority of Thailand has actually made “Accountable Tourist” the company’s flagship task in 2020, intending to promote the development of sustainable tourist rather of depending on mass tourist attractions and taking pleasure in a high variety of arrivals despite the quality of travelers.

Little cities have actually been highlighted, and community-based travel will play a crucial function in enhancing the development of Thai tourist in the future.

Thailand has actually not been alone in making use of tourist to drive the economy forward: neighbouring nations have actually embraced the very same techniques, stimulating extreme competitors over the last few years.

Vichit Prakobgosol, president of the Association of Thai Travel Agents, stated a number of nations have actually targeted China, the greatest tourist market, triggering Thai authorities to offer waivers of visa-on-arrival costs to increase competitiveness.

Other visa policies, such as double-entry visa, are essential to support cross-border tourist in between surrounding secondary provinces in Thailand and neighbouring nations, Mr Vichit stated.

A five-year multiple-entry visa for business people need to likewise be thought about to draw in foreign visitors, he stated.

Mr Vichit anticipates Thai tourist to recover over the next couple of years when the growths of Suvarnabhumi, Don Mueang and U-tapao airports are finished.

Policymakers are, nevertheless, encouraged to use more strong and sustainable practices in order to reduce the social and ecological effects from increasing visitors, he stated.


While the IPO outlook may be rather rosier this year, with a number of IPO launches in the pipeline, belief in Thailand’s stock exchange in 2019 was mainly unfavorable, with repeating volatility seen throughout the year.

In 2019, the Stock Market of Thailand (SET) index’s year-to-date return was a paltry 1% and most freshly noted companies saw their share rates toppling listed below IPO rates, leaving financiers indulging frustration.

A number of variables have actually added to lower share rates, such as need and supply for financial investment, principles of noted business and IPOs priced greater than business’ principles can represent.

As financial headwinds and service threats are plentiful in the house and abroad, the SET index will continue to deal with the difficult job of enhancing index gains, together with alleviating monetary volatility and digital interruption.

Kongkiat Opaswongkarn, chairman of Possession Plus Securities, stated the Thai stock exchange will deal with a number of obstacles in 2020, such as an absence of freshly noted business having a big business size and quality-certified services, lukewarm revenues healing of big listed companies and an absence of tech companies on the bourse.

Noted business running in the monetary sector are likewise anticipated to deal with troubles introduced by innovation interruption, with the strong baht and low rate of interest including discomforts to service efficiency, Mr Kongkiat stated.

In his view, financial investment allotment into foreign stock exchange is advised to produce much better returns and minimize danger direct exposure of domestic stock variation, given that the operating outcomes of SET-listed business might not recuperate adequately.

For Principal Possession Management, the financial investment environment for 2020 is “danger speed”, where capital market conditions are poised to end up being more unpredictable, threats will speed up at a greater speed and the extreme modification in financial investment properties will be speedy and callous.

” Busy modification will make financial investment technique harder,” stated primary financial investment officer Win Phromphaet. “We recommend building a financial investment portfolio on diversity or based upon financiers’ age.”

3 recommended properties for possession allotment are bonds, regional and foreign equities and realty financial investment trust (REIT) systems.

Purchasing short-term bonds is advised to prevent significant losses, as rois from bonds will be low in the depressed rate environment, Mr Win stated.

For the SET index, the bourse has a chance to rebound depending upon 2 primary elements: the Sino-US trade disagreement and federal government policies.

” Financiers need to have REITs and home funds in their portfolios,” Mr Win stated. “Nevertheless, capital gains and returns are tough to prepare for, other than the typical dividend yield from rental and lease at 4-6%.”


Thailand’s 3.6-trillion-baht retail market is most likely to be more drab than anticipated in 2020, as unfavorable elements stay plentiful, be they constantly stiff competitors from e-commerce platforms, the international financial downturn or the strong baht.

A male holds a mobile phone to utilize enhanced truth functions in a grocery store.

Kasikorn Proving ground projections Thailand’s retail service this year to broaden by 2.7-3% after awaited 3.1% development in 2019.

Sectors concentrating on middle- to low-income earners, like conventional mom-and-pop shops and hypermarkets, might have troubles, while the potential customers for grocery stores and e-commerce operators stay favorable.

The Thai Retailers Association has a cynical outlook, forecasting that Thailand’s retail market, which tape-recorded development lower than that of the nation’s GDP for the previous 2 years, will see another difficult and tough year in 2020.

With the growing appeal of online shopping, stores targeting medium-to-low earnings clients, such as hypermarkets, might experience a bumpy ride to broaden in 2020.

Huge hypermarkets are likewise anticipated to see less-aggressive growth since the retail format is no longer an excellent suitable for clients, who choose benefit and shopping at stores near their houses.

About 1,000 brand-new little stores will open this year. From these, 300-400 shops will remain in the type of mini grocery stores and over 700 will be corner store, health and charm shops, house enhancement and home appliance shops, and sporting-goods store.

Surachet Kongcheep, handling director of Phoenix Home Advancement and Consultancy, stated Thailand’s retail market is not likely to recuperate in 2020 since of the general financial downturn and reasonably low domestic need.

Since October 2019, the existing retail area in Bangkok and the surrounding location was approximated at 8.406 million square metres. Overall brand-new retail included Bangkok and the surrounding location from January to October amounted to 160,000 sq m; about 100,000 sq m was anticipated to be in operation in the 4th quarter of 2019. For the entire of 2019, overall supply was approximated at 260,000 sq m.


The home market downturn is anticipated to continue in 2020 as a myriad of unfavorable elements rollover in spite of government-sponsored home rewards and heavy sales promos by designers.

The federal government has actually cut transfer and home loan costs to 0.01% till Dec 24, 2020 for property systems valued at 3 million baht or less.

Unfavorable elements that have actually deteriorated acquiring power consist of Thailand’s financial downturn, high family financial obligation, the brand-new loan-to-value (LTV) limitations and banks’ more stringent guidelines for home loan financing.

Individuals who have strong acquiring power and the capability to get home loan are most likely to stay unwilling to purchase a home amidst bad belief, even as they are provided lots of promos and heavy discount rates by property designers.

To prompt property buyers and increase belief, the federal government in November cut transfer and home loan costs to 0.01% from 2% and 1% respectively for property systems valued at 3 million baht or less till Dec 24, 2020.

A month later on, the Baan Dee Mee Down plan was introduced, offering a money refund of 50,000 baht for property buyers with a regular monthly earnings of no greater than 100,000 baht or 1.2 million baht a year.

Lots of home designers and specialists do not think these plans can assist promote the home market, as those getting these stimuli are a minimal section.

They likewise stated the cut of transfer and home loan costs need to be provided to all system rates, as the majority of those who wish to purchase a home priced at 3 million baht and lower have actually restricted acquiring power.

The brand-new LTV limitations, which have actually drawn back financial investment purchasers in the condominium market given that the 2nd quarter of 2019 after ending up being reliable in April, will continue playing a crucial function in designers’ service strategies in 2020.

Like in 2019, property designers in 2020 will continue moving to low-rise homes (single-detached home, townhouse and duplex home) as they target genuine need, which is seldom affected by LTV limitations.

Some designers recommended the LTV limitations be withdrawed or delayed till the economy recuperates. Or at the least, the LTV limitations need to be used to those purchasing 3rd homes onward, not 2nd houses.

Banks will keep utilizing more stringent guidelines in home loan financing in 2020 amidst the financial downturn. Some banks have actually requested extra monetary files, a brand-new practice never ever practiced in the past.

A downturn in the home market in 2020 will injure the condominium section the most, as there are lots of unsold, ready-to-transfer systems rollovered throughout the year. On the other hand, there will more brand-new tasks being finished with unsold stock.


No extreme modification can be anticipated in the domestic telecom market in 2020: ingenious tech requires time for adoption, while 4G service and improved mobile broadband will still be the mainstream alternatives.

Visitors take a look at newest computer systems at Commart Work 2019 at Bitec on Dec 19.

Although the telecom regulator will hold 5G licence auctions in February to serve ingenious tech in the nation, service usage cases might not enter play in the very same timespan.

Vertical markets, targeted to be a significant adopter of 5G tech, such as the Web of Things (IoT) and robotics, might be reluctant about investing or pursuing brand-new development due to an unpromising financial outlook, anticipated to grow just 2.8% in 2020.

In 2019, mobile operators were still taken part in the rate competitors, especially for pre-paid service with unrestricted plans.

The section saw more powerful efficiency by operators, partially due to the diminishing variety of promo plans. The focus was on drawing brand-new customers.

This contrasted with 2018, when the competitors was strong in both pre-paid and postpaid systems, and numerous promo plans were presented to keep existing clients and court brand-new customers.

Telecom veterans stated the entire image of the telecom market will be seen clearer after the 5G licence auctions, especially for the 2600-megahertz variety, which is thought to be the most popular spectrum amongst operators.

In 2020, 5G tech is most likely to act as a marketing point for clients with the guarantee of improved mobile broadband. This year is likewise excellent timing for customers to find out about the advantages of 5G tech prior to the genuine service usage cases get off the ground.

Industrial gamers require to see clear take advantage of 5G tech adoption prior to investing.

On the other hand, IT hardware is anticipated to have actually advanced functions in line with technological advancement in 2020.

There are 1.3 million computer system systems and 18 million mobile phones in Thailand, highlighting the maturity of the section.

However the brand-new sophisticated functions are most likely to support need for computer systems and IT gadgets in 2020.

Computer systems and note pads will feature sophisticated computing and greater graphics efficiency, along with longer battery life.

Expert system will enter into numerous hardware parts and software application. Collapsible screen gadgets will acquire more traction to improve the consumer experience.

Collapsible screen gadgets will generally serve high-end users who require to participate in multitasking.

Computer systems will be more segmented to cater for particular user groups.

Collecting steam is the section including those developing digital material that needs high graphics efficiency.

Video gaming makers, on the other hand, will end up being lighter and have a much better battery life.

The increase of IoT will assist assist in edge computing, which might possibly unload the work dealt with by cloud computing.

In addition, 5G-enabled mobile phones are anticipated to strike Thailand in 2020 as soon as 5G business service is presented. Web speeds will be tremendously much faster and bring brand-new mobile applications with sophisticated functions.


This is poised to be a damaging year for the nation’s vehicle sector, which is experiencing sluggish GDP development, bearish exports and international financial headwinds.

The FTI projections cars and truck sales at 900,000 systems in 2020. Krit Phromsakla Na Sakolnakorn

Beginning with 2020 cars and truck sales, the regional market looks set to continue decreasing even more as month-to-month cars and truck sales have actually been dropping constantly given that last June.

As anticipated, lots of cars and truck suppliers likewise anticipate that the 2019 cars and truck market will a little drop to 1 million systems offered after high development in 2017 and 2018.

The Federation of Thai Industries (FTI) tasks cars and truck sales in 2020 at 900,000 systems.

Surapong Paisitpatanapong, a representative for the FTI’s vehicle market club, stated the predicted contraction becomes part of a cycle in the market, not a crisis.

” The marketplace relocates line with the nation’s economy and individuals’s acquiring power,” he stated. “If the federal government can accelerate budget plan dispensation and start brand-new facilities megaprojects, these will see the cars and truck market grow greater than Thailand’s GDP.”

Mr Surapong stated the US-China trade stress is harming regional financial momentum and taking down acquiring power.

When the economy is damaging, banks tighten up vehicle loan approvals since they are worried about swelling family financial obligation, he stated.

Mr Surapong stated the marketplace development of 900,000 automobiles a year is healthy enough for the nation’s principles, based upon yearly earnings of US$ 6,000-7,000 per individual in Thailand.

For cars and truck deliveries in 2020, the club tasks export volume listed below 1 million automobiles if the trade stress flare unabated.

With this forecast, deliveries will remain listed below 1 million automobiles for the very first time in 9 years. Thailand’s cars and truck exports have actually remained above 1 million systems given that 2012.

” The club hopes United States President Donald Trump loses his re-election quote in November 2020,” Mr Surapong stated. “A brand-new United States president will likely end the trade war. The vehicle market has actually tape-recorded a slump in lots of nations given that 2018, consisting of the United States, Japan and China, as an outcome of the trade war.”

Integrating exports and regional sales for automobiles, the club anticipates production of 1.8-1.9 million systems in 2020.

For 2019, cars and truck production is approximated at 2 million automobiles, down 7.7% from the previous year.

In 2015’s quotes for regional cars and truck sales and exports are at 1 million automobiles each, representing a decrease of 4% and 12.33% year-on-year, respectively.


Low rates of energy resources such as biofuels and petrochemicals in 2019 were viewed as the ideal storm for Thailand’s energy sector, as the contractions included reduced gross refinery margin.

Constant gains of the baht likewise blocked the exchange expenses of energy business.

A service technician examines photovoltaic panels at a solar farm in Rayong province. PATTARAPONG CHATPATTARASILL

For 2020, business pattern of the energy sector will concentrate on eco-friendly and tidy energy, while conventional power generation is ending up being filled as fossil-based resources are diminished worldwide.

To endure amidst these unfavorable consider 2020, lots of energy business have actually diversified to other associated services with huge budget plan allotment such as eco-friendly power, cleaner oil refining, electrical cars and energy storage systems, which are anticipated to interfere with in the entire energy sector.

Chaiwat Kovavisarach, president and president of Bangchak Corporation Plc (BCP), stated some danger will continue to dominate in 2020, pressing lots of business to move their service operations into other sectors.

The oversupply of improved oil and biofuels is anticipated to reduce in 2020, and petroleum rates are prepared for to be the same from the previous year.

” BCP thinks that the worst had actually ended, so every cloud has a silver lining,” Mr Chaiwat stated.

BCP’s long-lasting strategy is repaired on including worth to biofuels from the artificial biology service to use the fast-growing market. The goals are to produce vegetarian meat from veggies, biopharmaceuticals and biocosmetics.

Preeyanart Soontornwata, president of B.Grimm Power, stated the nation’s power market is ending up being saturated, so the business needs to start energy storage by partnering with South Korean energy business.

This brand-new service will support the next phase of power generation from 2020 onward.

B.Grimm is preparing to be a carrier of melted gas (LNG).

” We are establishing a power plant for LNG in Vietnam and anticipate to be the carrier under a licence approved by the Thai federal government,” she stated. “B.Grimm has actually seen quick development of eco-friendly power and this upward cycle is interfering with the power section, so we will look for brand-new chances both locally and abroad.”

Sarath Ratanavadi, president of Gulf Energy Advancement, stated the business likes brand-new financial investment and possession acquisition in every power services: gas-fired power plants, eco-friendly power tasks and dispersed power generation.

The next service is the energy storage system, he stated.

” Amidst financial unpredictabilities, Gulf prepares to diversify in abroad areas,” Mr Sarath stated.

Gulf has actually likewise diversified into facilities tasks by forming a joint endeavor with PTT to establish Map Ta Phut seaport.

The business likewise won operation and upkeep agreements for brand-new freeways from Bang Pa-in to Nakhon Ratchasima and Bang Yai to Kanchanaburi.

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